Summary One of the most iconoclastic and influential Old MastersCaravaggio is revered for his naturalistic style of Baroque paintinga controversial alternative to the classicism of Annibale Carracci, as well as the preceding style of Mannerism.
See Article History Alternative Title: Becoming Caravaggio While most other Italian artists of his time slavishly followed the elegant balletic conventions of late Mannerist painting, Caravaggio painted the stories of the Bible as visceral and often bloody dramas.
He staged the events of the distant sacred past as if they were taking place in the present day, often working from live models whom he depicted in starkly modern dress.
He accentuated the poverty and common humanity of Christ and his followers, the Apostlessaintsand martyrsby emphasizing their ragged clothing and dirty feet.
He also developed a highly original form of chiaroscurousing extreme contrasts of light and dark to emphasize details of gesture or facial expression: His influence on the course of Western art has been immense and has not been limited to the field of painting alone.
His dramatic sense of staging and innovative treatment of light and shade have also directly inspired many leading figures in the medium of cinema, including Pier Paolo Pasolini and Martin Scorsese. He committed murder and violent assault while at the peak of his success in Rome and consequently spent much of his later career—when he also created many of his most-compelling works—as a fugitive from justice.
Since the midth century his violent exploits and volatile character have enhanced his popular appeal as a perceived outsider and rebel against convention. His presumed but unproven homosexual tendencies, which have been inferred both from his paintings and from certain historical documents, have added greater intrigue to his legend.
He might be described as the perfect Old Master for an age in love with the idea of celebrity and in thrall to the cult of a doomed self-destructive genius. In truth he was a more subtle, sensitive, and intellectually ambitious artist than the myths that have accumulated around him might suggest.
He was also less of a hothead. Close inspection of the archival information concerning him, his friends, and his enemies—much expanded by late 20th-century research in the archives of Rome, Naplesand Malta —has revealed that even his most apparently impulsive acts were governed by a certain logic, even if it was often the logic of vendetta.
He was a violent man, but he lived in violent times, and he was as much sinned against as sinning. Early life and training in Lombardy: He was born in the autumn ofprobably in the small town of Caravaggio in the diocese of Cremonaafter which he would later come to be named.
His Christian name of Michelangelo suggests that his exact birth date was September 29, the feast day of the Archangel Michael. Fermo Merisi was no architect but a simple stonemason who is referred to in documents of the time as a mastro: His maternal grandfather, Giovan Giacomo Aratori, was a land surveyor who acted directly as an agent for Francesco Sforza I, serving as a legal witness for the Sforza family and collecting rents on their behalf.
The Sforza and Colonna were among the most powerful and influential dynasties in Italy. Costanza Colonna, in particular, would be a constant support during his most troubled years, giving him refuge and shielding him from justice when he was a wanted man.
In the summer ofMilan was struck by an outbreak of bubonic plague. By the autumn of the following year, and probably before then, they had moved back to Caravaggio to escape the plague, which had reached epidemic proportions, ultimately accounting for the lives of one-fifth of the local population.
But they fled in vain. By age six, Caravaggio had lost almost every male member of his family to the plague. His unruly and fiery temperament and his deep sense of abandonment may well have their origins in those traumatic events of his early childhood.
On April 6,at age 12, he signed a contract of apprenticeship with a minor Milanese master, Simone Peterzano. Such fragmentary evidence as there is suggests a misspent youth, during which the future painter most certainly mastered the art of swordsmanship—he would later prove himself an expert duelist—and got into trouble with the law.
Early influences However sketchy a student he may have been, many of the traits that would define him as a painter were shaped by the milieu in which he spent his youth. Borromeo, whose preaching reached a fever pitch during and after the years of the great plague, believed that the Catholic world had fallen into an abyss of sin from which it could redeem itself only by returning to the most basic teachings of Jesus Christ.
He placed strong emphasis on the poverty of Jesus and his disciples and believed that it was the sacrosanct duty of the church to reach out to the poor, whom he regarded as the living images of Jesus Christ.
He had little time for sophisticated, intellectually abstruse art in the High Renaissance or Mannerist vein. The vibrant vividly immediate traditions of art favoured by Borromeo, in turn, had a profound influence on Caravaggio. He translated their crude sculptural realism into his own far-subtler but no-less-immediate form of painting.
His compositions are almost invariably conceived within enclosed confined spaces, where groups of figures play out a story as if on a stage. It is also possible that Caravaggio visited Venice at some stage during his formative years.
Caravaggio left Lombardy in He would never return to the land of his birth. A series of legal documents from the late s and record the sale, by Caravaggio, of a few small pieces of land that he had inherited from his family.Giacomo Balla, (born July 24, , Turin, Italy—died March 1, , Rome), Italian artist and founding member of the Futurist movement in painting..
Balla had little formal art training, having attended briefly an academy in Turin.
He moved to Rome in his twenties. As a young artist, he was greatly influenced by French Neo-Impressionism during a . Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, revolutionary naturalist painter, was born in Caravaggio near Milan, the son of a mason in He showed his talent early and at the age of sixteen, after a brief apprenticeship in Milan, he was studying with d’Arpino in Rome.
Dec 12, · The artist was born in Rome in , daughter of the painter Orazio Gentileschi.. Orazio was a close friend and follower of the fiery Caravaggio — the inventor of the groundbreaking technique of. Explore the artistic life of Michelangelo, considered the most famous artist of the Italian Renaissance and among the most exalted artists in all of history, on barnweddingvt.com Caravaggio, byname of Michelangelo Merisi, (born September 29, , Milan or Caravaggio [Italy]—died July 18/19, , Porto Ercole, Tuscany), leading Italian painter of the late 16th and early 17th centuries who became famous for the intense and unsettling realism of his large-scale religious works.
Caravaggio, or Michelangelo Merisi, was an Italian painter who is considered one of the fathers of modern painting. Synopsis Caravaggio was born as Michelangelo Merisi in Italy around Died: Jul 18,