Retrolisthesis is a back condition in which one vertebra is pushed out of place, usually due to injury. A grade one retrolisthesis is the most minor kind. Grades Four different grades are used to measure the severity of a retrolisthesis.
Anterolisthesis Anterolisthesis vs Spondylolisthesis Spondylolisthesis is the general term for slippage of one vertebra on an adjacent vertebra.
The slippage can either be anterolisthesis or retrolisthesis. Anterolisthesis Definition Anterolisthesis is derived from two words: The condition anterolisthesis is a form of spondylolisthesis where there is anterior displacement or forward slip of the spine.
Retrolisthesis, on the other hand, is backward displacement of the vertebral bone in relation to the natural curve of the spine.
Adult anterolisthesis in the low back Image source: Our spine is made of 33 individual bones stacked one on top of the other. Functions of the spinal column include support for the body and protection of the spinal cord from injury . The bones of the spinal column, called vertebrae, does not only offer protection to the spinal cord.
The manner on how the vertebrae were put together provides enough space for the nerves to be connected to the rest of the body systems for proper functioning. Damage towards the vertebrae would also affect the nerve functioning of a body part or body system that is being supplied by that specific nerve.
The spinal column is divided into regions with specific functions. If you take a look from the side, the overall length of the spine takes a natural S-shaped curve. This allows the body to maintain balance, perform range of motion, and protection as well as it works like a coiled spring to absorb shock .
The spinal column and its different regions Image source: Thoracic spine contains 12 vertebrae and have a gentle convex curve. This region of the spine has the many number of vertebrae because its main function is to hold the rib or thoracic cage and protect major organs of the body — the lungs and the heart.
Lumbar spine has 5 vertebrae that supports the weight of the body. If the thoracic spine has the many numbers of vertebrae, the lumbar spine has the largest vertebrae to provide support and prevent injury especially when lifting or hoisting heavy or large objects.
Sacrum contains 5 vertebrae that are joined together and holds the pelvic girdle. Coccyx is comprised of four joined bones that provide connection for ligaments and muscles of the pelvic floor. Anterolisthesis can happen in any region of the spine but it usually develops in the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae .
The outcome of the displacement of the vertebrae can result to compression of spinal nerves and other damages in the spinal cord.
Anterolisthesis Symptoms The clinical presentation of anterolisthesis will depend on the degree of the vertebrae slippage and the location affected by the slippage.
Lower Back Pain The most common and possibly initial symptom that will be presented is lower back pain. The pain experienced by the person with anterolisthesis may be localized, meaning it only stays on one area, or widespread .
This is due to inflammation of the tissue relative to the disc, nerve roots and spine. At times, the pain can be felt in one or both legs and is also accompanied by weakness or numbness [4,5]. Difficulty walking Because of the pain, movement is limited and the person may report difficulty in walking as the pain extends to the legs .
Loss of bladder or bowel control If the anterolisthesis arise at the lower lumbar end of the spinal cord and affects the nerve roots in this area called cauda equina [4,5,6].
As such, symptoms of inability to control urine and bowel in terms of retention and elimination may be a problem.
Limited body movement The extent of inflammation and pain in the leg, back, or buttocks can lead to limited body movement like bending over or twisting . Anterolisthesis Causes There are many reasons that can cause anterolisthesis: Injury to the spine can lead to forward displacement of the vertebrae .
Fractures are the most common reason. Persons engaging in strenuous physical activities like weight lifting, gymnastics or football .
Genetics  Growth of tumor in the spine  Ageing .We are going to examine retrolisthesis causes, retrolisthesis symptoms, retrolisthesis treatment, and retrolisthesis exercises to help you combat the issues that come with the condition.
What Are the Causes and Symptoms of Retrolisthesis?
Retrolisthesis. is the term used to define a degenerative and an acute spine condition in which a single vertebra gets displaced and moves backwards onto the vertebra lying immediately below it. Vertebrae are the bones that make up the spinal column and are separated from each other by cushioning intervertebral discs.
Two main causes. of. The following materials are provided as a service to our profession. There is no charge for individuals to copy and file these materials.
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Grade 1 Retrolisthesis is the most minor occurring state in which the vertebra are slightly misaligned up to 25%. We can say that the posterior displacement of up to ¼ of the intravertebral foramina (IVF) is graded as Grade 1 Retrolisthesis. Spondylolisthesis is the slippage or displacement of one vertebra compared to another.
Spondylolisthesis is often defined in medical textbooks as displacement in any direction. Yet, medical dictionaries usually define spondylolisthesis specifically as the forward or anterior displacement of a vertebra over the vertebra inferior to it (or the sacrum).
GRADE 2 Rectocele = at this stage, the bulge sags down to the vaginal opening.. GRADE 3 Rectocele = at this stage, the rectocele bulges out of the vaginal opening.